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Teres ligamentum wrap covering the pancreaticojejunostomy following pancreatoduodenectomy is associated with a lower rate of postoperative pancreas fistula: a prospective cohort study

  • Robert-Jan Schipper
    Correspondence
    Correspondence: Robert-Jan Schipper, Catharina Hospital Eindhoven Michelangelolaan 2 5623 EJ Eindhoven the Netherlands.
    Affiliations
    Department of Surgery, Catharina Hospital Eindhoven, the Netherlands
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  • Ignace HJT. de Hingh
    Affiliations
    Department of Surgery, Catharina Hospital Eindhoven, the Netherlands

    Department of Research and Development, Netherlands Comprehensive Cancer Organization (IKNL), Utrecht, the Netherlands

    GROW-School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht University Medical Center, Maastricht, the Netherlands
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  • Misha D. Luyer
    Affiliations
    Department of Surgery, Catharina Hospital Eindhoven, the Netherlands
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Published:October 07, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hpb.2022.10.002

      Abstract

      Background

      Post-operative pancreas fistula (POPF) is a common complication after pancreatoduodenectomy (PD). A Teres Ligamentum (TL)-wrap covering the pancreaticojejunostomy (PJ) is suggested as a potential solution to reduce POPF. The aim of this study was to compare POPF incidence (grade B/C) in patients with or without a TL-wrap.

      Methods

      A prospective cohort study was performed between January 2019–December 2021. All consecutive patients were included. Patient, tumor and surgical characteristics and postoperative complications were compared in both open and robot-assisted surgery.

      Results

      A total of 118 consecutive patients were included. The first 57 patients were treated without and the following 61 patients with a TL-wrap. There were no statistically significant differences between both groups regarding patient, pre-operative treatment and surgical characteristics. The occurrence of POPF was strongly reduced in the TL-wrap group compared to patients without a TL-wrap (3.3% vs 28.1%, P < 0.001). Also mean length of hospital stay was reduced (11.5 vs 18.8 days, P = 0.030).

      Conclusion

      The use of a TL-wrap covering the PJ as addition to the modified Blumgart anastomosis technique is associated with a significantly reduced POPF rate and a reduced length of hospital stay. A TL-wrap is a simple addition to a PJ that may be considered to improve postoperative outcome. This association must be studied more definitively in a randomized controlled trial.
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