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4,300 steps per day prior to surgery are associated with improved outcomes after pancreatectomy

Published:September 30, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hpb.2022.09.011

      Abstract

      Background

      Decreased preoperative physical fitness and low physical activity have been associated with preoperative functional reserve and surgical complications. We sought to evaluate daily step count as a measure of physical activity and its relationship with post-pancreatectomy outcomes.

      Methods

      Patients undergoing pancreatectomy were given a remote telemonitoring device to measure their preoperative levels of physical activity. Patient activity, demographics, and perioperative outcomes were collected and compared in univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis.

      Results

      73 patients were included. 45 (61.6%) patients developed complications, with 17 (23.3%) of those patients developing severe complications. These patients walked 3437.8 (SD 1976.7) average daily steps, compared to 5918.8 (SD 2851.1) in patients without severe complications (p < 0.001). In logistic regression analysis, patients who walked less than 4274.5 steps had significantly higher odds of severe complications (OR = 7.5 (CI 2.1, 26.8), p = 0.002).

      Conclusion

      Average daily steps below 4274.5 before surgery are associated with severe complications after pancreatectomy. Preoperative physical activity levels may represent a modifiable target for prehabilitation protocols.
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